Bought by the Blood

August 5, 2008

Jonah discussion Outline

  • Mission: Our call to go
    • Jonah 1 & 2 “Now the word of the Lord came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2 “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it, for their evil [1] has come up before me.”
      • Who is Jonah?
        • A missionary…
      • Are we missionaries?
        • Why are we missionaries?  Matthew 28:18-20
      • Who are we called to be missionaries to? i.e. reaching out to neighbors, co-workers, family, etc.

        • How do you live out your call as a missionary?  Is there anyone in particular you are reaching out to?
        • Jonah struggled with the idea of being a missionary to the ninevites, is there anyone that if God called you to be a missionary to you would be tempted to flee?
          • Have a time for prayer
      • Why (in the general sense) is Jonah called to preach to the ninevites?
        • Because they are evil, i.e. sinners.
          • How should affect the way we view people who aren’t believers?

            • Everyone who does not know Christ is someone we should view as needing the gospel.  We should not be self-righteous or arrogant towards them because we were once in the same bought?
      • What does it mean for us to be missionaries

        • It means that we understand ourselves to be missionaries in today’s culture. Missionaries are those whose lives are constituted by a mission: to know Him and make Him known – this is our purpose, our goal, and our end in life. An ongoing relationship with God should result in a lifestyle that is God-centered and seeks to incarnate Christ.*
        • Accept the call of Christ to live out your life as a missionary amidst a culture that constantly tries to sell us a different purpose and a different vision in life. We are missional in that we desire to be the incarnate Christ immersed in the world without becoming a product of it. If we are going to be the incarnate Christ in today’s world, then our purpose, goal, and end in life will revolve around knowing God and making Him known.
          If we are going to be the incarnate Christ, then we will not try and sell people on a belief system made up of propositional truths…instead, we will convey Christianity as a way of life. Perhaps, we might just begin living life with people and see if they might also live life with us in hopes that they might find out in the living that this way of life is exactly what they need. Maybe this is why Jesus’ evangelism strategy with the disciples did not consist of a slick brochure but just 2 words, “Follow Me.” And, they did not follow Him initially because they knew Him to be the Messiah and Savior of the world. No, they found out in the living that this way of life, though incredibly difficult, was exactly what they needed.If we are going to be the incarnate Christ, then we will understand that the method and message of our mission are intertwined…in other words, the method in which we convey our message actually says a lot about our message.*

          • Have someone pray for the people we desire to reach
  • Repentance: Our goal in missions
    • Our goal in missions is for people to turn from their sins and look to God for salvation.  Turning from sin is not a one time activity, but a continual process as we walk through sanctification.  In two places we see repentance in the book of Jonah.
    • before we go there, what is the difference between revival ad repentance?
      • there is no difference, only that in revival the spirit’s work happens in greater numbers
      • Jonah 3:10 the people of Nineveh repent are justified
        • This is without a doubt the greatest spiritual revival in history.
        • What is notable about the ninevites revival?
          • They believed God and responded to His Word
          • They were humble (v.5-6) and turned from specific sins (v.8)
          • The ninevites knew that nothing they did could earn the mercy of God (v.9)
            • We do not need to be good, we need atonement!
        • What are the signs of genuine revival?
          • greater esteem for the person and work of Christ
          • greater grief over personal and corporate sin
          • greater regard and thirst for the Word and doctrine
          • greater manifestations of love and service toward others
        • What is the means of the ninevites revival?
          • The Holy Spirit working through the Word being preached
        • What is the biggest obstacle to the ninevites revival?
          • Jonah not going (Romans 10:15)
      • Jonah 3:1-3 Jonah repented of his arrogance and went to Nineveh.
        • Can anyone name the seven steps in the path to repentanc **
          • pray
            • establish dependence on God by praying for the Holy Spirit’s help in the presence
              • what encouragement do we receive from prayer in the task of repentance?
          • Identify the sin
            • define its practice in biblical terms
            • define heart motive in biblical terms
            • define the false belief behind the practice and motive
              • has anyone ever had trouble identifying sin and what did they do?
          • embrace the gospel
            • meditate on how your sin offends God.  cultivate sorrow
            • mediate on the fact that God sent Jesus to de in you place to overcoe the offense this sin created
            • pray. admit your sin to God and ask him to forgive on the basis of the cross
              • how is this helpful in turning from sin
          • take steps to stop
            • know what the bible says about your sin
            • create a plan to escape temptation and fight motive and actions
              • any examples, either from your own life or in general
          • replace your sin w/righteousness
            • put on Christ
            • replace the lie w/truth
            • repace sinful behavior w/righteous behavior
            • replace the sinful motive w/a motive for godliness
              • any examples, either from your own life or in general
          • seek fellowship as a means of grace
            • have someone hold you accountable
              • How have people seen this helpful in repentance?
          • review
            • step 1-5 daily
            • step 6 in accountability
        • What are the benefits to repentance?
          • the sooner you repent the fewer sins you have to pay the consequence for
          • the sooner you repent the more glory you may bring to God
          • the sooner we repent the sooner our hearts get softer
        • What do we learn about Jonah’s repentance in chapter 4?
        • pray through psalm 51
  • Sovereignty of God – Our Assurance to Go
    • What do we learn about God’s sovereignty in this story?
      • God’s purposes are always accomplished by any means He desires
    • Where do we see God sovereign in the story of Jonah
      • Jonah 1:4 & 15
        • He sends the storm and stops the storm
        • Have someone read Mark 4:35-39
          • Do we ever have to fear the circumstance of life?
      • Jonah 1:7 the lot falling on Jonah
        • Was it random that the lot landed on Jonah?
          • There is no such thing as chance, but the lot providencially lands on Jonah (proverbs 16:33
      • Jonah 1:13 increasing intensity of the storm as the men tried to row out of it
        • The strength of man is nothing compared to the power of God
        • What is practical application of this?
          • prayer for god’s empowering presence
          • be humbled by how much we are nothing w/out God
          • increased motivation for submission to God’s will and purpose because we cannot stop Him
            • anyone have any examples of this last point in their own life
      • Jonah 1:17 and 2:10
        • God delivers Jonah from drowning by being swallowed by the whale?
          • Does anyone have trouble believing this?  How would you respond if someone asked you to prove this story true?
            • Have someone read Mathew 12:38-42
            • The time that Jonah was in the whale is the same amount of time Christ was in the tomb, this was not by accident.
      • jonah 2:10
        • the fish does not deliver Jonah out anywhere, but on dry land.  When God delivers us,he always does it safely
      • Jonah 3:10
        • God softened the hearts of the ninevites so that they would repent.
          • This is the greatest miracle.  That any of us would love God and turn from our sins accept Christ from our sins is God’s work, none of us would do this on our own.
      • Jonah 4:5-7
        • God is sovereign over the plant that grows and dies and the wind and heat.
          • God is sovereignly providing comfort, loss and trial for Jonah.
          • What is our practical application of this?
            • We should thank God for all things, not only comfort, but loss and trial.
            • If possible, do worship at this point
  • Grace –  what we preach when we go
    • Jonah was confident in God’s grace coming to the ninevites which is potentially why in his message he didn’t include a call of hope or to turn
      • Did Jonah preach grace?  Jonah 3:4
        • Instead of giving a message like Jonah’s, in light of the cross, how would we share the Gospel?
      • Why didn’t he? Jonah 4:2 (have someone read Isaiah 55:10-11)
        • Does this make you confident when you preach the gospel?  Why or why not?
    • What is your judgement of Jonah?
      • God was had a gracious judgement towards Jonah and gave him a second change to preach to Nineveh (3:1)
    • After reading this book what is your attitude toward Jonah?
      • It is very easy to have a self-righteous attitude toward Jonah.
      • HAve some one read Luke 18:9-14
      • We are all like Jonah and the ninevites, sinners in need of mercy
      • How do you see Jonah being about us and our hearts?
        • If a prophet can become harderened to God’s priorities, mercy and love then how much more do I need to watch my own heart?***
    • Have someone read 2 Corinthians 5:18-21
      • What is God’s grace in our lives?
      • How do we respond to that grace?

*taken from

**taken from John Loftness’s seven steps to repentance as found in “Not Even a Hint”

***taken from Mark Dever’s “Promises Made” sermon on Jonah

Other parts of this study was heavily influenced by a Bible Study that Brian Allred did at Westminster Presbyterian Church in the fall of 2003.



  1. In the section labeled “What does it mean to be missionaries” there is a statement (2nd paragraph I believe) that begins “If we are going to be the incarnate Christ …”
    I don’t understand? Jesus was God incarnate. Are you saying that an individual can become Christ Incarnate — i.e. Christ in human form? I don’t understand?

    Comment by Bob Lewis — August 5, 2008 @ 3:08 pm | Reply

  2. I added a link to where that statement was taken from. It’s not saying that we can physically become the incarnate Christ, but that we can represent Christ as his ambassadors. We follow Christ example by being in the world and not of it. By knowing Him and being transformed to His likeness we are able to reflect Christ and have Christ seen in us.

    “10 always carrying in the body the death of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus may also be manifested in our bodies. 11 For we who live are always being given over to death for Jesus’ sake, so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh.” 2 Corinthians 4:10-11

    The above verse gets to the crux of the issue. Jesus is to be manifested in us, nothing else matters, but to be an image bearer.

    Comment by bloodbought — August 5, 2008 @ 8:20 pm | Reply

  3. Thanks! I get it. That was what I thought you meant but I didn’t want to make any erroneous assumptions or miss something of that wasn’t what you intended.

    Comment by Bob Lewis — August 6, 2008 @ 12:21 am | Reply

  4. Let me begin by saying that i really like your blog a lot
    now.. back to business lol
    I cant say that im 100% with what you wrote… care to explain deeper?

    Comment by christian — August 25, 2008 @ 2:31 pm | Reply

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